Vinyl Planks & Tiles

Step-by-step instructions

HOW TO INSTALL

Our Optimum vinyl flooring is an easy alternative when you want to glue down your floor. Here you can find complete instructions for achieving the perfect result, no matter which type of installation you prefer.

Preparation step by step

> Step 1 - Before you start

Vinyl glue down installation

Pergo Optimum glue down flooring materials are delivered with instructions in the form of illustrations. The texts below provide explanations for the illustrations, and are divided in three areas: Preparation, Installation and Cleaning instructions. We recommend that you read through this information carefully, while studying each illustration. We recommend to order all panels for the same flooring project at the same time. Compatibility of panels in repeated orders cannot be guaranteed. The use of Pergo accessories is strongly recommended to benefit from the full Pergo warranty.

> Step 2 - Allow the floor to acclimatize

Vinyl glue down installation

Pergo Optimum can be bought in different formats and decors. Make sure you have received the flooring that you ordered before starting the installation. It is always a good idea to store one end label together with your receipt/invoice. After receiving the floor packs these should be acclimatized, unopened and in a flat position. We recommend storing them unopened and next to each other at normal room temperature (between 18-25 degrees C) for a minimum of 48 hours prior to installation. Never store the boxes in an upright position, in a dusty room or with extreme temperatures.

> Step 3 - Prepare the underfloor

Vinyl glue down installation

The type of subfloor, it`s quality and preparation will have a big influence on the final installation result. This is why Pergo Optimum floors must be installed on a solid, sound, dry and stabile self-supporting subfloor. Make sure the subfloor is flat, clean (including free from fat, grease, chemical substances, etc.). All soft floor coverings like vinyl, carpet, linoleum, cork etc. and debris must be removed before installation. If the subfloor does not seem appropriate for the installation of Pergo Optimum, then necessary actions must be taken. Most subfloors will have to be primered and leveled, because the slightest unevenness in the subfloor will be visible through the Pergo Vinyl.


> Step 4 - Smoothen out edges, pikes & cracks

Vinyl glue down installation

The entire subfloor must be carefully checked for any unevenness using a 2 m straight edge. Unevenness more than 2 mm per 2 m must be levelled either by sanding or using an appropriate levelling compound.  


> Step 5 - Installing on cement based subfloors

Vinyl glue down installation

An uneven subfloor must always be leveled. Let the levelling compound cure and dry in accordance to prescriptions of the supplier of the compound before the installation. Ask your dealer for advice. All cement based subfloors must be dry (< 2,5 CM / 75% RH Tramex) before installation. When installing on a plank floor, install a tongue and grooved fiber board or plywood to even out the surface. Make sure the plank floor is screwed to avoid squeaking. An appropriate levelling compound can be used on a plank floor as well. Ask your dealer for advice.


> Step 6 - Underfloor heating

Vinyl glue down installation

A Pergo Optimum floor can be installed in conjunction with “low temperature” floor heating.

  • This is valid for underfloor heating systems with heating components – hot water or electric – embedded in the floor. Heating films, Pergo Quickheat or other similar systems CANNOT be used. A combination of heating in winter and cooling in summer is also possible. The floor heating must be installed in accordance with the supplier`s instructions and the generally accepted instructions and rules. The base floor must be sufficiently dry (maximum 1.5% CM in case of cement screed and 0.3% in case of anhydrite) when installing the floor covering. This can be done by turning on the heating beforehand as described below. In the case of a new building, you must wait at least 21 days between installing the screed and starting the heating. With newly installed screed, follow the guidelines of your installer. A heating protocol should be presented; ask for it if necessary. The subfloor must comply and be prepared as described above. Sand peaks if needed.
  • Start the floor heating at least two weeks before laying your Pergo Vinyl floor. Raise the temperature gradually by no more than 5 degrees per day. The maximum contact temperature under the Pergo Vinyl floor is 28 degrees. The maximum hot water temperature at the exit of the heating furnace is 45 degrees. ALWAYS change the temperature GRADUALLY at the start and end of a heating period. Make sure the room temperature ALWAYS is kept between 18-25°C.
  • Always avoid heat accumulation by carpets or rugs on the floor or by leaving insufficient space between furniture and the floor.
  • Changing temperatures during different seasons can cause changing in dimensions.
  • If having floor cooling and to avoid damage to the floor, the supply temperature of the cooling water must not be reduced below a certain temperature, the so called dew point temperature. Lower temperatures will produce condensation and may damage the Pergo Vinyl floor as well as the subfloor.
  • Thermostats in the room must never be set at a temperature which is 5°C lower than the room temperature. For instance, if the room temperature is 25°C, the room thermostat must not be set lower than 20°C.
  • The cooling circuit must have a control the prevents the temperature of the cooling liquid dropping below 18 to 22°C. This depends on the climate zone where the floor is installed. In zones with a high relative humidity, the minimum is 22°C; at average humidity and temperature levels, it can go as low as 18°C.
  • If you do not respect these instructions, the warranty of the Pergo Optimum floor will be void.

> Step 7 - Remove all debris

Vinyl glue down installation

Vacuum the surface carefully to make sure no debris is left on the subfloor.


Installation step by step

> Step 8 - Collect your tools

Vinyl glue down installation

Pergo Optimum floors are easy to install and require no expensive specialty tools except from a heavy roll. You need a folding ruler, pencil, hammer, utility knife, carpenters square and possible power drill and working gloves. In order to glue down the floor, you need the Pergo Vinyl glue and an A-2 trowel. Be sure you have all tools available before starting the installation.


> Step 9 - Cut carefully

Vinyl glue down installation

Cutting the plank is easily done by using a utility knife with the décor side up, make a firm cut in the surface. Break off the plank as shown in the illustration.

> Step 10 - Check for damage

Vinyl glue down installation

Every Pergo plank is methodically checked for any imperfections before being packed. Still, packs can be damaged during transportation or when opened. Do not install a plank with a damaged surface or edge. Carefully inspect each plank before and during installation in good light conditions. An installed plank is considered as accepted and cannot be claimed.


> Step 11 - Measure carefully

Vinyl glue down installation

Before starting, carefully measure the length and the width of the room to plan a precise layout in order to achieve a balanced appearance of the floor. This is especially important when installing tile decors. Mark the middle of the floor. Check if the row against the wall will not be too small. If this is the case you can still start in the middle, but at some distance from the center. It is preferable to install parallel to the incoming light.

> Step 12 - Dry fit the first row

Vinyl glue down installation

“Dry fit” (without glue) the first row completely. “Dry fit” the next row keeping a staggering of minimum 15 cm between the panel short end. It is not recommended to line up the end joints in a regular pattern but make it random to get a nice and natural final result. The Pergo Optimum tiles should normally be installed in a 50/50 pattern and symmetrical in the room. It is recommended to keep a distance of about 3 mm to the walls in case of floating screeds or anhydrite.


> Step 13 - Glue the floor

Vinyl glue down installation

Remove the panels and apply the Pergo vinyl glue on the floor for about the same width as the two first rows. Follow the instructions on the Pergo glue bucket.


> Step 14 - Install the first two rows

Vinyl glue down installation

Install the first two rows following the starting line. Put firm pressure on each plank to secure absolute bonding. Make sure the panels are perfectly lined up along the row.


> Step 15 - Mix planks for a nice pattern

Vinyl glue down installation

Continue the installation, keeping a minimum staggering of 15 cm when installing plank formats. It is recommended to make a variation in the staggering and not to keep a straight line in the end joints. In the case of tile formats, it is recommended to keep a 50/50 staggering. However, you may want to try other patterns to suit your taste. Also mix up the planks from several packs to keep a balanced pattern in the floor.

> Step 16 - Time to roll

Vinyl glue down installation

Use a heavy roll to ensure the best bonding and to flatten the planks. Wait no longer than 30 minutes before rolling on the yet installed area.

> Step 17 - Cure for 24 hours!

Vinyl glue down installation

The glue must be able to cure 100% before moving in furniture, walking on it or any other stresses. Hence, leave the floor untouched for 24 hours after installation between 18-25°C for the curing process to complete.