Get to know the material in the parquet floor

02 December 2015

When you walk passed a large broad leaf tree in the forest, you can count on it having been here significantly longer than you. Trees have been used as timber since time immemorial and will probably continue to be used for a long time to come.

Sought after qualities

Wood in various forms surround us virtually the entire time – this involves everything from the building's oak frame to the stairway's ash handrail. Oak and ash in particular are common kinds of wood in the production industry and the kinds of wood that we at Pergo choose for our parquet floors.

Oak is a heavy, hard and semipliant wood that is very resistant to rot. Thanks to its properties, it has long been a popular wood for flooring, furniture and boats. Oak is excellently suited to woodwork in exposed environments and is all around us – in everything from bridges, fences and gates to beautiful furniture. In Gustav Vasa's day, oak was the foremost material to build warships with. At the time, Gustav Vasa wanted to ensure the future supply of oak and ordered plantings – something we can be very thankful for today.

The ash with its light wood is just like oak a heavy, hard and tough wood that has been used in everything from flooring to furniture to tennis rackets. In contrast to oak, ash is an "indoor wood" that should preferably be kept away from excessively damp environments. In spite of this, ash is said to have been a popular material for the boats of the Vikings.

The parquet floor's journey

The road from tree to floor is long. Trees are felled, sorted by size, cleaned from bark, sawn, sanded, treated and undergoes meticulous moisture tests and long drying periods.

There are different methods to get the colour of the floor. For example, when oak is smoked, it gets darker. The more tannins there are in the oak, the darker the wood gets. When it comes to oak, it is also important where the saw cut ended up in the log as it is of major importance to the appearance of the planks.

Other colouring methods are to spray a paint over the planks or a substance that reacts with the wood and the planks' nuance thereby changes. You can thereby get a wood floor that is Nordic light, vintage grey or coffee brown.

During and after the production of the parquet floor, several important quality controls take place, both in the factor and in the lab. Everything from the size of knots and colour variations to strength and grooves are checked. Every floor plank should be in perfect condition when it comes home to you for floor laying.

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